Pakistan Foreign Policy PMS CSS Exam Preparation

Pakistan Foreign Policy PMS CSS Exam Preparation

Pakistan was born under inauspicious circumstances. As with all other countries, Pakistan’s Foreign Policy is determined by the inescapable facts of history and of geography and by special influences which may be of transitory nature. In the words of P.A Reynolds, the Foreign Policy is defined as under:-

“The range of actions taken by varying sections of the government of a state in its relations with other bodies similarly acting on the international stage, in order to advance the national interests.”

Foreign Policy consists of the external actions taken by decision makers with the intention of achieving long-range goals and short-term objectives.

Action is constrained by the perceived circumstances of the state, which includes its geography, its economy, its demography its political structure, culture and tradition, its military-strategy situation. But action is taken with reference to other bodies (states) similarly acting on the international stage, and is likewise constrained by their action. This may be called the international environment of decision-makers.

DETERMINANTS OF PAKISTAN’S FOREIGN POLICY
.
1. Security, 2. Ideology 3.National Interests 4.Diplomacy 5.Public Opinion
6. Decision making

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Pakistan Foreign Policy PMS CSS Exam Preparation

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